Comics can be a tool to help facilitate crucial conversations about race, gender, and other sensitive topics.
That's feedback Deborah Elizabeth Whaley, professor of English literature and African American Studies at the University of Iowa, has received directly from her students—and she agrees.
"Sometimes people think pop culture classes are just for fun, but these courses can address controversial issues in a way that reaches people where they are to advance diversity, equity, and inclusion," says Whaley, who also draws cartoons and paints.
Comics have become an area of scholarly success for the professor. In 2015, she published her book Black Women in Sequence: Re-Inking Comics, Graphic Novels, and Anime. Since then, she co-edited the book Keywords in Comic Studies and was featured on the official Marvel podcast to talk about women in comics. In 2021, she spoke on a virtual panel about diversity in comics during the mega convention Comic-Con.
During that discussion, Whaley addressed inclusion and visibility as a scholar and as an artist. She says the comic genre was once thought of as a white, male-dominated area. But now, more diverse writers and artists are entering the comic scene and finding success.
This change matters because representation matters, she says.
"With superhero comics, for example, one can make the argument that being able to see your culture in heroic positions can help build self-esteem," explains Whaley. "People of all cultures benefit from seeing people of African descent in a variety of roles."
Beyond the academic, Whaley's passion for comics is personal. As a child, she frequently drew characters from the funnies section of her parents' newspapers or from her siblings' comic book collections. She remains a fan of Marvel films and comic-based TV shows.
"A highlight of my year is when the Marvel films come out," she says, laughing.
Whaley also hosts workshops on creating and teaching comics and poses for photos with comic book fans at conventions, dressed as beloved superhero characters like Batwoman, Catwoman, and Storm.
Whaley has taught the popular elective course Black Image in Comics, Graphic Novels, and Anime, which made College Magazine's top ten course listing a few years ago. She previously planned a campus Black superhero week that included a student showing of the blockbuster movie Black Panther and a panel with real-life Black "heroes" who discussed their work to improve social justice in the community.
Whaley received questions about why she was doing so much for a simple movie release. She says she returned to the lesson her students taught her about the power of pop culture and representation.
"Black people and Black art matter," she says.
Whaley recommends several books to further explore race and gender in comics.